MORINGA, antioxidant benefits, Uses, Side Effects & Interactions
Other Names of MORINGA: Arango, Árbol de las Perlas, Behen, Ben Ailé, Ben Nut Tree, Ben Oléifère, Benzolive, Canéficier de l’Inde, Chinto Borrego, Clarifier Tree, Drumstick Tree,…
Research in progress
Moringa Strong Antioxidant Benefits | A Polyphenol Antioxidant
Moringa Oleifera has been hailed since time immemorial for its immense health benefits. The plant is native to Africa and many consider it the tree of life. It is also very common in Asia as it is widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. It contains a significant number of proteins, essential vitamins, and minerals making it common not only from a nutritional point of view but also in the cosmetics industry due to its powerful antioxidants.
Although Moringa has several benefits, we are going to narrow in on its antioxidant and anti-ageing properties.
Antioxidant effects of Moringa
Moringa has been found to contain about 47 antioxidants including phenolic acid, flavonoid/bioflavonoids, and tannic acid. Experiments have been carried out on different parts of the Moringa tree to identify what parts have more Polyphenol antioxidant benefits. In one study, It was found that all extracts acted as radical scavengers due to the presence of the polyphenolic compound. It was also found that the flowers possessed the highest antioxidant properties, followed closely by the leaf, root, gum bark and finally the seed.
What these strong antioxidants do is they help neutralize free radicals(oxidative damage). Free radicals are produced as by-products of normal body processes, medicine break-down after consumption and as a result of exposure to pollutants. Moringa is known as one of the most effective of antioxidant foods.
Anti-aging properties of Moringa
The cosmetics industry heavily relies on Moringa as a natural supplement to try and slow down the aging process. Moringa contains a plant hormone called zeatin, which affects the process of cell division, influencing aging. Moringa is the only known plant to contain such high levels of Zeatin.
APPLIED TO THE SKIN for:
Gum disease (gingivitis).
Progeria is a disease in which a person ages rapidly at a much faster rate than normal. It afflicts people whose bodies cannot manufacture and/or utilize antioxidants. Moringa contains high levels of vitamin C, which helps with the synthesis of collagen. When the level of collagen is low, the skin collapses to take up the free space, causing wrinkles, which are a tell-tale sign of aging.
The anti-aging properties of Moringa do not only apply to the skin. It has been known to decrease brain aging and cognition decline. The plant is a memory booster, helping with concentration, focus, and clarity. This is by virtue of its B vitamins, but also notably, the high concentration of Iron which allows for more oxygenated blood flow to the brain.
All this information should be enough to convince you to include Moringa, in your diet. You may either take it in its natural form or as a Moringa supplement. Moringa’s antioxidant properties can also help prevent and manage certain diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease which stem from the overproduction of free radicals in the body. In a world where pollution is rampant, intake of antioxidant super foods is a safe bet to prevent diseases.
Moringa is your best choice as it is effective, safe, naturally occurring and affordable.
Moringa is used to improve “tired blood” (anemia); arthritis and other joint pain (rheumatism); asthma; cancer; constipation; diabetes; diarrhea; epilepsy; stomach pain; stomach and intestinal ulcers; intestinal spasms; headache; heart problems; high blood pressure; kidney stones; fluid retention; thyroid disorders; and bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections. Moringa is also used to reduce swelling, increase sex drive (as an aphrodisiac), prevent pregnancy, boost the immune system, and increase breast milk production.
So get Moringa for :
Inflammatory and pain
High cholesterol (LDL bad cholesterol)
Reference and resources:
sources link , Reference for more research on MORINGA:
Polyphenols (Phenolic Acid) | Antioxidant Benefits & Effects on our body
Research in progress
About Polyphenol, Phenolic acids:
A phenolic acid is a sort of phytochemical known as a polyphenol. Phenolic acids are found in an assortment of plant-based nourishments such as the seeds and skins of products of the soil leaves of vegetables contain the most noteworthy concentration. Phenolic acids are promptly consumed through the dividers of your intestinal tract, and they might be valuable to your wellbeing since they fill in as cancer prevention agents that counteract cell harm because of free-radical oxidation responses. The Polyphenol phenolic acid supplements may likewise work as anti inflammatory in the human body. It strongly supports a role for polyphenols in the prevention of degenerative diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and cancers. The antioxidant properties of polyphenols have been widely studied, but it has become clear that the mechanisms of action of polyphenols go beyond the modulation of oxidative stress. Polyphenols are the most abundant antioxidants in the diet. Their total dietary intake could be as high as 1 g/d, which is much higher than that of all other classes of phytochemicals and known dietary antioxidants.
Ranking list of top foods list with Polyphenols (Phenolic Acid)
Different Types of Polyphenols
Polyphenols are four main categories, with additional sub-groupings. based on the number of phenol rings they contain, and on the basis of structural elements in their construction.
As a general rule, foods contain complex mixtures of polyphenols, with higher levels found in the outer layers of the plants than the inner parts.
1- Flavonoids, have Strong both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, found in fruits, vegetables, legumes, red wine, and green tea
2- Stilbenes, found in red wine and peanuts (resveratrol is the most well known)
3- Lignans, found in seeds like flax, legumes, cereals, grains, fruits, algae, and certain vegetables
4- Phenolic acids
Hydroxybenzoic acids, found in tea
Hydroxycinnamic acids found in cinnamon of course but also in coffee, blueberries, kiwis, plums, apples, and cherries
Polyphenols are usually associated with/ improving:
- Fighting cancer cells and inhibiting angiogenesis (the growth of blood vessels that feed a tumor)
- Protecting your skin against ultraviolet radiation
- Fighting free radicals
- reducing the appearance of aging
- Promoting brain health
- protecting against dementia
- Reducing inflammation
- Supporting normal blood sugar levels
- Protecting your cardiovascular system
- Promoting normal blood pressure
Polyphenols work effective for :
Symptoms of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
Eye Disorders AMD
Inflammatory and pain
Autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis)
High cholesterol (LDL bad cholesterol)
Antioxidants effects & Benefits of Phenolic acids:
• Anti-Diabetic Effects of Polyphenols
Numerous studies report the antidiabetic effects of polyphenols. Tea catechins have been investigated for their anti-diabetic potential.63,64 Polyphenols may affect glycemia through different mechanisms, including the inhibition of glucose absorption in the gut or of its uptake by peripheral tissues.Onion polyphenols, especially quercetin is known to possess strong anti diabetic activity. A recent study shows that quercetin has ability to protect the alterations in diabetic patients during oxidative stress. Quercetin significantly protected the lipid peroxidation and inhibition antioxidant system in diabetics. (source)
• Used as Anti bacterial:
Bacteria are collection of single cell microorganisms. Most microorganisms are innocuous in people because of the defensive impacts of the immune framework. Notwithstanding, a few microscopic organisms are perilous and can bring about irresistible maladies. Luckily, phenol acids are effective antibacterials and can help guard you from perilous microorganisms. Temporary reviews recommend that phenolic acid may likewise have antibacterial properties however additional confirmation is required before this can be affirmed. (source)
• Anti-Aging Effect
Aging is the accumulation process of diverse detrimental changes in the cells and tissues with advancing age, resulting in an increase in the risks of disease and death. Among many theories purposed for the explaining the mechanism of aging, free radical/oxidative stress theory is one of the most accepted one. Antioxidant capacity of the plasma is related to dietary intake of antioxidants; it has been found that the intake of antioxidant rich diet is effective in reducing the deleterious effects of aging and behavior. Several researches suggest that the combination of antioxidant/anti-inflammatory polyphenolic compounds found in fruits and vegetables may show efficacy as anti-aging compounds. Subset of the flavonoids known as anthocyanins, are particularly abundant in brightly colored fruits such as berry fruits and concord grapes and grape seeds. (source)
• Reduces inflammation:
Inflammation is the body’s method for managing disease, harm, aggravation or stress. It prompts warm, torment, redness or swelling around the influenced body part. Most inflammation is sure as it demonstrates that the body has recognized a risk and is endeavoring to manage the issue. In any case, some inflammation is superfluous and harms the body’s cells when there is no contamination, damage, bothering or worry to manage. Luckily, the phenolic acids can help monitor pointless inflammation. The strong antioxidants of phenolic acids are powerful against inflammation. (source)
• Antioxidant effects of Polyphenol, phenolic acid on cancer:
Antioxidants are substances that protect a human body’s cells from free radicals. Free radicals are destructive substances that are discharged into the body amid oxygen based responses. They have been connected with serious disease such as cancer, diabetes, a weak invulnerable system along with noticeable indications of maturing. Luckily, the greater parts of the phenolic acids aside from “capsaicin” are intense cancer prevention agents that can guard you from the antagonistic impacts related with free radicals. Several mechanisms of action have been identified for chemoprevention effect of polyphenols, these include estrogenic/antiestrogenic activity, antiproliferation, induction of cell cycle arrest or apoptosis, prevention of oxidation, induction of detoxification enzymes, regulation of the host immune system, anti-inflammatory activity and changes in cellular signaling
• Neuro-Protective Effects and Mental health boosters:
The phenolic acids have a considerable measure of potential with regards to boosting the emotional wellbeing. Early research proposes that phenolic acids may go about as an energizer and furthermore it prevents the Alzheimer’s disease. What’s more, they may likewise ensure against Alzheimer’s malady while vanillin may shield the cerebrum cells from harm, prevents Alzheimer’s infection and Parkinson’s ailment. In any case, additionally studies are required before the impacts of the phenolic acids on brain health are affirmed. Oxidative stress and damage to brain macromolecules is an important process in neurodegenerative diseases. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common occurring neurodisorder affecting up to 18 million people worldwide. Because polyphenols are highly antioxidative in nature, their consumption may provide protection in neurological diseases. It was observed that the people drinking three to four glasses of wine (vines that have Polyphenol contents) per day had 80% decreased incidence of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease compared to those who drank less or did not drink at all. (source)
Polyphenol Supplements interactions
These mostly happen with supplements not the foods containing Polyphenol
- Iron depletion in populations of people who have marginal iron stores
- Interference with thyroid hormone metabolism
- Interactions with pharmaceutical drugs, enhancing their biologic effects
References and sources for Polyphenols online:
Published papers and articles and References for Polyphenols
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Top Anti-inflammation foods & How an Anti-inflammatory work
Research in progress
When you thin about inflammation, you probably picture a swelling on part of your skin. Did you know that inflammation can also occur inside your body in some of your major organs even without your knowledge? This article aims to delve into what inflammation really is, its causes and possible natural remedies.
What is inflammation?
Inflammation is a mechanism the body uses to fight off infection through the working of white blood cells and the substances they produce. Infection is usually caused by foreign organisms such as viruses and bacteria. However, this is not always the case. In some diseases, such as arthritis, the body’s immune system triggers an inflammation response even when there are no infections to fight off. This is an example of an autoimmune disease whereby the body’s normally protective immune system turns on itself and damages its own tissues.
What diseases are associated with inflammation?
Inflammation has been found to be the root cause of most diseases. Arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma – you name it. Inflammation is the common denominator among them. As we can see, inflammation also affects internal organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys. Inflammation can cause redness, heat, discomfort and pain, though this is not the same for all cases.
Inflammation can be remedied using an anti-inflammatory diet. This involves doing away with highly processed foods and unbalanced diets that characterise Western habits and moving towards a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables and an abundance of omega-3 foods. Phytochemicals, the natural compounds found in plant foods have been found to reduce inflammation. Diets that are high in omega-6 and low in omega-3 are associated with an increased level of cytokines. These are proteins released from cells that trigger the onset of inflammation.
So, what are these anti-inflammatory foods? Well, in general, a diet rich in antioxidant foods, minerals and essential fatty acids will prevent and treat inflammation. Inflammation can be caused by oxidative stress, which is an imbalance between the cellular production of oxygen and antioxidant defence mechanisms. Antioxidants work by interacting with and eliminating the destructive action of “free radicals” in the body. An abundance of these radicals caused oxidation and hence inflammation.
Below are the top anti-inflammatory foods
- Green leafy vegetables – These are rich in antioxidants that restore cellular health. They also contain flavonoids which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties.
- Beets – whenever you see a vegetable with a deep, rich colour, chances are that it is packed with antioxidants. These fight to repair cell damage caused by inflammation. They also contain magnesium, and a deficiency of magnesium has been strongly linked to inflammatory conditions.
- Berries – All types of berries have a high antioxidant content. Inflammation can also happen in the brain and research shows that a diet rich in blueberries slowed cognitive decline.
- Fruits – To get a variety of antioxidants, choose different coloured foods. This is an easy way to ensure that you are getting a host of antioxidants to fight inflammation
Cognitive decline and the best foods used to stop it!
Antioxidant compounds, contained in fruit, vegetables and tea, have been postulated to have a protective effect against age-related cognitive decline by combating oxidative stress. However, recent research on this subject has been conflicting. here are some basic point about CD and Aging and the main focus of this Article is on foods that Helps us fight CD.
About Cognitive Decline (What is Cognitive Decline?):
If you have Cognitive Decline or cognitive impairment, you may be aware that your memory or mental function has “slipped.” Your family and close friends also may notice a change. But generally these changes aren’t severe enough to significantly interfere with your day-to-day life and usual activities.
When anyone makes some tea or use computer or even read a book, that person it utilizing the cognitive capacities. Cognitive capacities are the mental aptitudes that you have to carry from the easiest to the most perplexing task. These mental abilities incorporate mindfulness, memory, information handling and thinking. As our age increases, the cognitive abilities continuously break down. A specific sum of cognitive decrease is a typical thing in maturing. A few people may encounter an extreme crumbling in psychological abilities, prompting dementia. This can make it difficult to adapt to customary everyday tasks. In order to get rid or avoid such problems, below are some foods that can be utilized.
Mild cognitive impairment may increase your risk of later progressing to dementia, caused by Alzheimer’s disease or other neurological conditions. But some people with mild cognitive impairment never get worse, and a few eventually get better.
Cognitive disorders like CD are a category of mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, and include amnesia, dementia, and delirium. While anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and psychotic disorders can also have an effect on cognitive and memory functions. Cognitive Decline is generally happening to all while aging but we dont really notice that. we get old and our abilities and awareness reduces but we dont understand maybe others do.
Cognitive decline is categorized under dementia in Mental disorders. For dementia cases, studies suggest that diets with high Omega 3 content, low in saturated fats and sugars, along with regular exercise can increase the level of brain plasticity and BDNF. Other studies have shown that mental exercise such a newly developed “computerized brain training programs” can also help build and maintain targeted specific areas of the brain.
Findings from some studies suggest that intakes of vitamin C and E that significantly exceed adequate or recommended intakes (over 130 and 15 mg/day for vitamin C and E, respectively) may be beneficial . This is in slight contrast to a very thorough review of vitamin C, cognitive decline and AD by Harrison , who concluded that a healthy, long-term diet in which adequate vitamin C levels are maintained and vitamin deficiency is avoided may protect against age-related cognitive decline and AD, and be more beneficial than taking supplements. (source & source & Source )
Foods that are best to Slow down & stop Cognitive Decline caused by aging:
• Green Tea:
Green tea is on the top of the list in the skin friendly drinks due to its noteworthy storage facility of polyphenols that can cause aging. Having four glasses each day can give amazing results by fighting against aging elements in human body.
• GINGER ROOT:
Ginger and turmeric are from the same basic family of plants. Health benefits of turmeric is largely mentioned in many articles. But now ginger. Ginger is a Southeast Asian plant. The spice ginger is the underground rhizome of the ginger plant, known botanically as Zingiber officinale. Ginger is used as a spice and medicine.
Health benefits of turmeric is largely mentioned in many articles. Turmeric is known for improving conditions for arthritis, heartburn (dyspepsia), joint pain, stomach pain, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, bypass surgery, hemorrhage, diarrhea, intestinal gas, stomach bloating, loss of appetite, stomach ulcers an so on.
Sage is an herb, a mint. The leaf is used to make medicine. Sage contains rosmarinic acid, rosmarinic acid is a potent antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory agent. Rosmarinic acid reduces harmful inflammation.
Salmon contains astaxanthin which works amazingly on skin and enhances the elasticity of skin by decrease the number of fine lines and wrinkles. astaxanthin is by some researches considered as the strongest antioxidant ever found.
According to the researchers after several researches, the phenomenal measure of fish they take keeps that away from dangerous heart diseases and cancer. Fish is a copious wellspring of omega-3 fats, which help avert cholesterol development in the arteries and secure against irregular heart rhythms.
Forty years back, analysts from the Seven Countries Study revealed that the monounsaturated fats found in the olive oil were to a great extent, reason of the low rates of coronary illness and cancer. Presently, the studies indicated that olive oil additionally contains poly-phenols, effective cancer prevention agents that may help forestall age-related infections.
All Berries, especially members of some important families, like Rosaceae (strawberry, raspberry, blackberry), and Ericaceae (blueberry, cranberry), belong to the best dietary sources of bioactive compounds (BAC). Because of the antioxidant properties of BAC, they are of great interest also for nutritionists and food technologists due to the opportunity to use BAC as functional foods ingredients. The bioactive compounds in berries contain mainly phenolic compounds (phenolic acids, flavonoids, such as anthocyanins and flavonols, and tannins) and ascorbic acid.
Matcha is basically green tea leaves that have been stone ground and processed into a powder. The powder is then filtered and raced with boiling water. Due to the difficult procedure required to deliver matcha, the tea is for the most part expensive than others.
If you are going to consider getting Olive leaf (extracts) you should know based on the studies these are the situations that it has been proven that Olive leaf (extracts) can improve.
Lowers Blood Pressure, Improves Cardiovascular Health, Diabetes, Reduces the Risk of Cancer and so on.
Protein (amino acids) repairs all those cells that have endured the damage from free radical. Eggs, an amazing source of protein, likewise contain biotin which is an essential vitamin that protect the body from free radicals.
The antioxidant rich fruit may help skin to make more collagen and can also help in speeding healing. The essential nutrients in it help making the skin look fresh and glower and it works amazingly as an anti aging food.
Beans are another protein source. They help repair cells that have endured the free radical damage. During digestion, protein separates into amino acids, the building squares of cells which further help to speed as well as repair and regenerate the skin cells along with collagen.
• Chocolate coco powder:
If dietary phenolics are active in-vivo antioxidants, chocolate can contribute a significant portion of dietary antioxidants, and the pleasant pairing of red wine and dark chocolate could have synergistic advantages beyond their complementary tastes. According to a study, the people who live in Kuna in the San Blas islands near panama, have a rate of heart illness that is a great percent less than those of Panamanians. The Kuna people, in order to stay away from heart diseases, drink a lot of a refreshments made with liberal extents of chocolate, which is bizarrely rich in flavanols that help protect the sound capacity of veins. Keeping up young veins and fights aging.
The reviving and sweet treat contains a definitive cancer prevention agent, vitamin C, in addition to lycopene as well as potassium, which controls the adjust of water and supplements in cells and makes individuals look healthy and young.
• Dark Chocolate:
The sweet chocolate is rich in cocoa flavanols, plant compounds as well as the effective & strong antioxidant properties, which help hydrate skin and enhance circulation.
It’s the only kind of nut that contains a significant amount of unsaturated fats, which is particularly important for vegetarians who are not able to eat fish. Walnuts pack an omega-3 called alpha-linolenic corrosive. Deficiency in this fat can bring about dermatitis, which is related with dry, flaky skin. So, having walnuts will make the skin fresh, and young.
• Citrus fruits peel:
Analysts from the University of Arizona took a gander at individuals who stated that they ate citrus fruits, squeezes, and peels each week. Individuals, who ate peels such as orange peel or lemon juice, had a 33% diminished hazard for “squamous cell carcinoma”. Juices and fruit didn’t have any impact. Limonene is a compound found in the oil in the peels that offers the UV-defensive benefits and makes the skin look great.
Walnuts are stuffed with healthy as well as anti inflammatory supplements, and are the main great nut source of alpha linolenic corrosive. They help advance blood stream, which thusly takes into consideration a great delivery of oxygen to the cerebrum. What’s more, a study found that mice with the infection that were routinely nourished walnuts had enhanced memory, learning and function ability coordination.
Caffeine, the gentle stimulant found in coffee actually enhances mental acuity. Beside caffeine’s mind boosting impacts, caffeine’s cell reinforcement lavishness keeps up the mental health. Also, some exploration recommends that drinking coffee can really fight with depression and anxiety in ladies and can stop cognitive decline.
Incredible things do come in little bundles, blueberries are a natural product few attempt to eat each and every. That is on the grounds that they have such a variety of extraordinary medical advantage while having an aftertaste like a great treat. It’s one of the most astounding cell reinforcement rich sustenance known to man, including vitamin C and vitamin K and fiber. As a result of their elevated amounts of Gallic acid, blueberries are particularly great at shielding our brains from degeneration, stress and cognitive decline.
It’s one of the best foods to improve brain health. On account of its elevated amounts of vitamin K and choline, it will help keep your memory sharp.
• Coconut oil:
It is a standout among the most flexible and bravo nourishments for brains out there. With 77 coconut oil uses and cures, there’s nothing that coconut oil can’t help. What’s more, with regards to your mental health it’s loaded with other advantages, as well. Coconut oil functions as a characteristic calming, stifling cells in charge of aggravation. It can help with memory misfortune as a person becomes older and kills terrible microbes that hang out in the guts. Hence, it’s great to stop cognitive decline in human.
• Egg Yolks:
Egg yolks contain a lot of choline, which helps in fetal mental health for pregnant ladies. It additionally separates bethane, a synthetic that produces hormones identified with bliss and fight against cognitive decline. The eggs can really make an individual happy and keep the mental health great.
Spinach is rich in antioxidants, which is thought to fight against cognitive decline. What’s more, a study found that ladies who revealed eating the most verdant green and cruciferous vegetables had an especially decreased rate of cognitive decline as contrasted with the individuals who ate the minimum.
A study found that lycopene-rich tomato helped participants prevent sunburn when they combined it with olive oil and use it for ten weeks without missing any day. Other than being an extraordinary source of strong antioxidant lycopene, tomatoes are considered a high carotenoid fruit. These nutrients may help to get rid from free radicals that can cause many diseases including aging.
Some good sources for cognition Decline:
DHA & EPA effects and antioxidant benefits!
Introducing DHA & EPA:
Omega-3 fatty acids are connected to healthy aging in humans. The omega-3 unsaturated fats derived from fishes, EPA and DHA, have been related with fetal improvement, cardiovascular activities, and Alzheimer’s sickness. Nonetheless, in light of the fact that our bodies don’t proficiently deliver some omega-3 unsaturated fats from marine sources, it is important to get satisfactory sums through fish and fish oil items. The effective and strong antioxidants of EPA and DHA help improving health. They are imperative for appropriate fetal improvement, including neuronal, retinal, and invulnerable function positively and have been connected to provide great outcomes in anticipation, management of weight as well as intellectual capacity in those with exceptionally mellow Alzheimer’s sickness.
Antioxidant Effects of DHA & EPA:
The DHA & EPA supplements have numerous effects on heart. They fight against arrhythmias, heart assault and stroke. They likewise moderate plaque develops, lessen triglycerides, circulatory strain, irritation and thickening, and enhance lipid proportions. Because of their mitigating impacts and strong antioxidants, they might be helpful in treating rheumatoid joint inflammation, asthma and Crohn’s illness. The potential part of DHA & EPA in counteracting and treating osteoporosis, renal disease, cataracts, Alzheimer’s illness, depression and different conditions is as yet being examined.
Get DHA & EPA for:
Inflammatory and pain
High cholesterol (LDL bad cholesterol)
For the highest amount of EPA and DHA here is the list of high omega foods by draxe:
- Mackerel: 6,982 milligrams in 1 cup cooked (174 precent DV)
- Salmon Fish Oil: 4,767 milligrams in 1 tablespoon (119 percent DV)
- Cod Liver Oil: 2.664 milligrams in 1 tablespoon (66 percent DV)
- Walnuts: 2,664 milligrams in 1/4 cup (66 percent DV)
- Chia Seeds: 2,457 milligrams in 1 tablespoon (61 percent DV)
- Herring: 1,885 milligrams in 3 ounces (47 percent DV)
- Salmon (wild-caught): 1,716 milligrams in 3 ounces (42 percent DV)
- Flaxseeds (ground): 1,597 milligrams in 1 tablespoon (39 percent DV)
- Tuna: 1,414 milligrams in 3 ounces (35 percent DV)
- White Fish: 1,363 milligrams in 3 ounces (34 percent DV)
- Sardines: 1,363 milligrams in 1 can/3.75 ounces (34 percent DV)
- Hemp Seeds: 1,000 milligrams in 1 tablespoon (25 percent DV)
- Anchovies: 951 milligrams in 1 can/2 ounces (23 percent DV)
- Natto: 428 milligrams in 1/4 cup (10 percent DV)
- Egg Yolks: 240 milligrams in 1/2 cup (6 percent DV)
Antioxidant benefits of DHA & EPA:
- Decrease brain aging and keeps brain healthy: The EPA & DHA supplements are important and might be taken to keep up solid capacity of the mind and retina due to their strong antioxidants. DHA is a building square of tissue in the cerebrum and retina of the eye. It assists in shaping neural transmitters, for example, phosphatidylserine, which is vital for the working of brain. DHA is found in the retina of the eye and taking DHA might be fundamental for keeping the working of eye great.
- Cancer Treatment: Studies revealed that DHA & EPA supplements can avoid and kill different kind of cancers, including colon, breast as well as prostate. While being an effective supplement for cancer patients, at the same time it’s also an effective treatment in those cancer treatments that are done naturally.
- Great for cardiovascular system: EPA and DHA supplements are changed over into substances like hormones known as prostaglandins, and they manage cell action and perfect cardiovascular capacity.
- Diabetes: The strong antioxidants of DHA and EPA can also help in decreasing the danger of diabetic patients from resulting cognitive deficit since it shields the hippocampus cells from being pulverized. Furthermore, they could also help decrease oxidative anxiety, which assumes a great part in the advancement of both micro-vascular and cardiovascular diabetes difficulties.
- Decrease Joint Pains: All the essential antioxidants found in EPA and DHA seem to decrease few joint pains. Human reviews have demonstrated the supplemental fish oil decreases fiery joint pain. They are also successful in diminishing such pain that is brought by joint pain.
- Beneficiary for Human Development: Human development and scholarly advancement – DHA assumes an essential part during the development and improvement of fetal. DHA of the high concentrations are found in the mind and increment 300 to 500 percent in a newborn child’s cerebrum amid the last trimester of pregnancy. Adding DHA supplements in to the pregnant mother’s eating routine might be helpful for the embryo’s mental health. Elderly individuals ought to likewise take EPA DHA, on the grounds that as adults get more established, the bodies frame less EPA and DHA, which may bring about less mental concentration and psychological capacity. Taking some EPA DHA supplements likewise may help with mental variations.
- Decrease muscle degeneration: The strong antioxidants of DHA and EPA diminish the rate of muscle degeneration. A few researches recommends that fit body mass is better held after surgery by expanding the intake of EPA in the eating routine. There are a lot of confirmations proposing that fish oil helps muscle development.
Omega 3 fatty acids, DHA & EPA are naturally found in fishes as well as fish oils. However, DHA & EPA Supplements can also be consumed few times in a week in order to get all the above mentioned benefits.
Some on Cellular Hydrogen Peroxide, antioxidant benefits and effects!
First some on how antioxidants work with free radicals and where is Hydrogen Peroxide:
Free radicals can be broken down into five types. The first four types come from oxygen atoms and are called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), but the fifth type derives from nitrogen:
Superoxide ion (O): An oxygen molecule with an extra electron that can damage mitochondria, DNA and other molecules.
Hydroxyl radical (OH): A highly reactive molecule formed by the reduction of an oxygen molecule, capable of damaging almost any organic molecule in its vicinity, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and DNA. OH cannot be eliminated by an enzymatic reaction.
Singlet oxygen: Formed by your immune system, singlet oxygen causes oxidation of your LDL.
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2): Not a free radical itself, but easily converts to free radicals like OH, which then do the damage. Hydrogen peroxide is neutralized by peroxidase (an enzymatic antioxidant).
Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS) (NO): Nitric acid is the most important RNS.
These various free radical species can damage DNA in different ways.
They can disrupt duplication of DNA, interfere with DNA maintenance, break open the molecule or alter the structure by reacting with the DNA bases. Cancer, atherosclerosis, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s disease, and cataracts are examples of diseases thought to result from free radical damage.
In fact, free radicals are implicated in more than 60 different diseases.
Lipids in cell membranes are quite prone to oxidative damage because free radicals tend to collect in cell membranes, known as “lipid peroxidation.” (The lipid peroxide radical is sometimes abbreviated as LOO.) When a cell membrane becomes oxidized by an ROS, it becomes brittle and leaky. Eventually, the cell falls apart and dies.
This is akin to what happens when butter, vegetable oils or meat becomes rancid—and why manufacturers sometimes add agents to prevent that. How can this free radical pillage be stopped?
This is where antioxidants come in. (sources)
Antioxidants can be categorized in multiple ways. Based on their activity, they can be categorized as enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. Enzymatic antioxidants work by breaking down and removing free radicals. The antioxidant enzymes convert dangerous oxidative products to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and then to water, in a multi-step process in presence of cofactors such as copper, zinc, manganese, and iron. Non-enzymatic antioxidants work by interrupting free radical chain reactions. Few examples of the non-enzymatic antioxidants are vitamin C, vitamin E, plant polyphenol, carotenoids, and glutathione.7 (source)
Free radicals are atoms, molecules or ions with unpaired electrons, which are highly active to chemical reactions with other molecules. In the biology system, the free radicals are often derived from oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur molecules. These free radicals are parts of groups of molecules called reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and reactive sulphur species (RSS). For example, ROS includes free radicals such as superoxide anion (O2−•), perhydroxyl radical (HO2•), hydroxyl radical (▪OH), nitric oxide and other species such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), (source)
About Cellular Hydrogen Peroxide:
Using hydrogen peroxide on cuts and scratches truly isn’t just the most ideal approach to use it due to the fact that there are a lot more benefits of it. Hydrogen peroxide has various awesome uses outside of medical aid. Hydrogen peroxide is the main germicidal agent made just out of water and oxygen. Similar to ozone, it executes the organisms of illness formed by oxidation. Hydrogen peroxide is viewed as the most secure and natural effective sanitizer. It executes microorganisms by oxidizing them, which can be best depicted as a controlled consuming procedure. At the point when Hydrogen peroxide responds with natural material it separates into oxygen and water. As an extreme, nontoxic compound, the hydrogen peroxide works amazingly in some other ways too and it is affordable, as well. Below are some antioxidant benefits of hydrogen peroxide.
The results of some researches obtained show that the antioxidant and anti-radical activity of phenolic acids correlated positively with the number of hydroxyl groups bonded to the aromatic ring. The model of an ortho substitution of hydroxyl groups to the aromatic ring seems to be adequate for antioxidant and H2O2 or DPPH• scavenging activity of phenolic acids. (source)
Antioxidant & other benefits of Hydrogen Peroxide:
- Cancer Treatment with strong Hydrogen Peroxide antioxidants: The cancer is spreading a lot in people and there are several characteristic drugs that must be utilized to stop the spreading and dispose of the cancer cells either by executing the cancer cells or by killing the organisms inside the cancer cells and turning around the cancer cells into ordinary cells. The antioxidants generally found in Hydrogen peroxide are useful in killing such organisms and can decrease the risk of cancer.
- Maintain common health: The human body makes hydrogen peroxide and its strong antioxidants are able to battle such diseases which must be removed to make our immune framework work accurately. The White platelets are known as Leukocytes. A sub-class of Leukocytes called Neutrophils delivers hydrogen peroxide as the main line of barrier against poisons, parasites, microorganisms as well as infections and yeast.
- Infection treatment: By soaking he infected area of body in 3% of hydrogen peroxide for few minutes a few times each day can help getting rid of that infection. Indeed, even gangrene that would not heal with any solution has been recuperated by absorbing Hydrogen peroxide due to its strong antioxidant reactions on wounds.
- Help removing parasites: As in a lot of other treatments, when taken inside, the effective and strong antioxidants of hydrogen peroxide adds oxygen to the body’s inward condition. This oxidized condition is one in which parasites can’t exist and all of them are normally wiped out from the body.
- Treatment for foot fungus: The researches still can’t seem to have been done to demonstrate this works for everybody that it is a fast home cure for foot fungus. In order to help treating the foot fungus, the use of the spray containing 3% hydrogen peroxide and water on them (particularly the toes) and letting them dry can heal it if done regularly. The strong antioxidants of hydrogen peroxide help a lot to treat the disease.
- Best for mouth and teeth: Many individuals don’t understand that hydrogen peroxide makes an extremely viable and economical mouthwash. Utilize 3% of hydrogen peroxide and include a dash of fluid chlorophyll for enhancing if you want. On the other side, taking one capful of hydrogen peroxide and holding in your mouth for 10 minutes and then spit it out will never cause ulcer and your teeth will be more white. On the off chance that you have a frightful toothache and can’t get to a dental practitioner immediately, put a capful of 3% Hydrogen peroxide into your mouth and hold it for 10 minutes a few times each day. The torment will decrease significantly.
- Treats the birds Mites Infections: Patients contaminated by minor vermin stated that hydrogen peroxide successfully removes the parasites on their skins. They shower it on their skin two or three times with a couple of minutes between the applications and get stunning outcomes. The antioxidants available in hydrogen peroxide help fighting the disease and provide great results at the end.
- Best for Wound care: The antioxidants available in Hydrogen Peroxide help in healing wounds and stop the bleeding from little wounds. A few sources prescribed to soak wounds for five or more minutes a few times each day in order to heal the wound.
- Treating Sinus Infection: A tablespoon of 3% Hydrogen peroxide added to some non-chlorinated water can be utilized as a nasal shower. Contingent upon the level of sinus contribution, one should alter the measure of peroxide utilized. It can be used as a treatment for sinus infection due to the strong antioxidants available in it.
Olive leaf Extract One of the strongest antioxidants found, about Olive leaf Extract antioxidant benefits
Research in progress
Other Names of olive tree:
Acide Gras Insaturé, Acide Gras Mono-Insaturé, Acide Gras n-9, Acide Gras Oméga 9, Common Olive, Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Feuille d’Olivier, Green Olive, Huile d’Assaisonnement, Huile d’Olive
Olive oil is has been known and used to prevent heart attack and stroke (cardiovascular disease), breast cancer, colorectal cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and migraine headache. But Olive leaf extract comes from the leaves of olive tree, and is much different from Olive Oil. the olive leaf contains phenolics such as oleuropein, It has shown that it has protective effects against LDL oxidation also benefits glucose metabolism for diabetes and skin health. Olive leaf is used as immune system boost for treating viral, bacterial, and other infections including influenza, swine flu, herpes, shingles, HIV/ARC/AIDS, and hepatitis B, pneumonia; chronic fatigue: tuberculosis (TB); gonorrhea; fever; malaria; dengue and infections in the teeth, ears, and urinary tract, and infections following surgery. Some Other also use it for high blood pressure, diabetes, hay fever, improving kidney and digestive function. Olive leaf kills and /or resists the multiplication of viruses, bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and other parasites in body. The olive leaf extract differ from immune boosters in that immune boosters tha stimulate your immune system to destroy disease which still requires your own energy. Olive leaf extract mainly does the work for you. it is not a supplementary for immune system it is like a parallel procedure.
Proven Olive Leaf Benefits
- Lowers Blood Pressure
- Improves Cardiovascular Health
- Reduces the Risk of Cancer
- Improves Brain Function
- Treats Arthritis
- Kills Bacteria and Fungi
- Improves Immune System
- Protects Skin
- More energy
- Toothache relief
- Diminished food cravings
- Joint pain relief
- Heartbeat regulation
- Improved wound healing
Cancer and Olive leaf (extracts)
Neuroprotection of Olive leaf (extracts)
POLYPHENOLIC ANTIOXIDANTS & Olive leaf (extracts)
- Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with OLIVE
- Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) interacts with OLIVE
Useful Website sources and articles on Vitamin E and its benefits:
What are Ginkgo Biloba wonderful benefits as antioxidants and in memory and eye improvements
Other Names: Abricot Argenté Japonais, Adiantifolia, Arbre aux Écus, Arbre aux Quarante Écus, Arbre du Ciel, Arbre Fossile, Bai Guo Ye, Baiguo, Extrait de Feuille de Ginkgo, Extrait de Ginkgo
Ginkgo Biloba Supplements and its Antioxidant benefits!
Ginkgo improves blood flow to the brain and acts as an antioxidant. These effects may translate into some benefits for certain medical problems, but the results have been mixed.
Some studies have found that in healthy people, ginkgo might modestly boost memory and cognitive speed. Other studies have not found a benefit. (source) Ginkgo leaf is often taken by mouth for memory disorders including Alzheimer’s disease.
About Ginkgo Biloba:
The scientific name of Ginkgo Biloba is “Salisburia adiantifolia”. It is an extract got from the leaf of the Chinese ginkgo tree which is additionally known as the maidenhair tree. The known scientific terms for extract of the green ginkgo biloba tree are EGb761 and GBE, which is regularly noted for its cerebral improving impacts. As indicated by Traditional Chinese Medicine and current clinical reviews, Ginkgo Biloba is viable, safe and it also benefits the body from various perspectives since it applies defensive impacts against mitochondrial harm and oxidative anxiety.
Amount of Ginkgo Biloba Supplements to use:
The scientific name of Ginkgo Biloba is “Salisburia adiantifolia”. It is an extract got from the leaf of the Chinese ginkgo tree which is additionally known as the maidenhair tree. The known scientific terms for extract of the green ginkgo biloba tree are EGb761 and GBE, which is regularly noted for its cerebral improving impacts. As indicated by Traditional Chinese Medicine and current clinical reviews, Ginkgo Biloba is viable, safe and it also benefits the body from various perspectives since it applies defensive impacts against mitochondrial harm and oxidative anxiety.There is no standard measurements of Ginkgo Biloba supplements to use, but, in therapeutic reviews, every clinical trial have utilized an extract of ginkgo which is standardized to 24 percent flavones glycosides along with 6 percent of terpene lactones. A typical dosage in individuals with dementia is 40ml of that concentrate three times each day. There is no standard dose of ginkgo biloba supplements. However, in medical studies, almost all clinical trials have used a standardized extract of ginkgo, standardized to 24% flavone glycosides and 6% terpene lactones. A common dose in people with dementia is 40 milligrams of that extract three times daily. For improving cognitive function in healthy people, studies have used between 120 milligrams to 600 milligrams of the extract daily.
Symptoms of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
Eye Disorders AMD
Inflammatory and pain
Autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis)
High cholesterol (LDL bad cholesterol)
Effects & Benefits of Ginkgo Biloba Antioxidants:
- Decrease depression & anxiety: In the event that you experience the ill effects of constantly high anxiety that is executing your personal satisfaction, apprehension and despondency then ginkgo may have the capacity to offer assistance. A research revealed that Ginkgo biloba antioxidants improves the body’s capacity to deal with stressors and they also neutralizes the impacts of large amounts of stress hormones such as cortisol as well as adrenaline. It raises the body’s capacity to adapt to inconvenience and stress; it may be particularly useful for individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and conceivably regular depression, panic assaults and social fears, as well.
- Enhance Memory: The antioxidants in Ginkgo biloba are very beneficial for brain due to which Ginkgo Biloba supplements are known as “Brain herb”. Studies have demonstrated that it can enhance memory in individuals with dementia. Ginkgo biloba is usually added to some soft drinks, nutrition bars along with fruit smoothies in order to lift memory and upgrade cognitive execution.
- Improves the Vision and Eye health: While more confirmation is as yet required, ginkgo along with its strong antioxidants has all the earmarks of being a great supplement for eye health since it enhances blood stream to the eyes and battles free outspread harm that can hurt the cornea, macula as well as the retina. It may be particularly gainful for adults in protecting vision and bringing down UV harm or oxidative worry to eye tissue. A few reviews have observed that ginkgo biloba antioxidants are powerful at bringing down the hazard for age-related macular degeneration because of its platelet initiating variables and counteractive action of film harm created by free radicals.
- Kills Impotency: Ginkgo biloba can also be utilized in the treatment of impotency. The primary reason of male weakness is poor dissemination and weakened blood flow through the penis, which is frequently the consequence of atherosclerosis. Since ginkgo biloba builds blood stream, it’s been found to help up to 50% of patients following six months of utilization.
- Beneficial for Asthma: The antioxidants generally found in Ginko Biloba supplements helps and improve breathing. It is very beneficial for Asthma patients as it is likely to decrease the disease with the help of antioxidant reactions.
- Useful for Macular Degeneration: “Macular Degeneration” is a dynamic, degenerative eye ailment that hinders the retina. It is a standout among the most widely recognized reasons for visual impairment in the US. The strong and effective antioxidants found in ginkgo biloba may help cure or mitigate some retinal issues.
- Raynaud’s infection: Raynaud’s infection is actually caused by veins that over respond to the frosty and spasms, decreasing blood stream and there by denying limits of oxygen. The effective antioxidants in Ginkgo biloba may help this condition by enlarging the little veins, which would keep the spasms from totally hindering the blood stream.
ALA, ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID Antioxidant & anti-Inflammatory
Other Names for ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID :
Acetate Replacing Factor, A-Lipoic Acid, Acide Alpha-Lipoïque, Acide Alpha-Lipoïque R, Acide DL-Alpha-Lipoïque, Acide Lipoïque, Acide Thioctique, Acide 1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoïque
Introduction to ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID or ALA
Alpha-lipoic acid is a substance made by the body. It is found in every body cell, where it helps turn glucose into energy. Alpha-lipoic acid is a vitamin-like chemical and an antioxidant. ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID or ALA can be found in Yeast, liver, kidney, spinach, broccoli, and potatoes. It is also made in the laboratory for use as medicine.
Alpha-lipoic acid is used to break down carbohydrates in body and use the energy for organs in the body. Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a mitochondrial fatty acid that is highly involved in energy metabolism as mentioned mostly for carbohydrates. ALA has shown benefit against various forms of oxidation and inflammation some part of this is because ALA resets the cycle of vitamin E & C.
ALA, ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID is Known for:
Alpha-lipoic acid helps prevent certain kinds of cell damage in the body. It also restores vitamin levels such as vitamin E and vitamin C in their cycles so they would work again as an antioxidant in their cycles and this reduces body need of antioxidants. There are some evidence that alpha-lipoic acid can improve the function and conduction of neuron cells in diabetes. ALA antioxidant benefits might also be helpful in liver diseases.
ALA is know to be used to improve these conditions:
- Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
- Diabetic nerve pain.
- Weight loss. 1800 mg of alpha-lipoic acid daily for 20 weeks.
- Wound healing.
- Alcoholic liver disease. 300 mg of alpha-lipoic acid daily for up to 6 months
- Alzheimer’s disease. 600-900 mg of alpha-lipoic acid daily for up to 2 years
- Heart-related nerve problems
- Damage to the retina caused by diabetes
- HIV-related brain problems.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. 300 mg of alpha-lipoic acid by mouth daily for 12 weeks
Get ALA for:
- Weight Loss
- EYE health
- Nerve Repair
- Blood Pressure
- liver disease
- Heart-related nerve problems
- Weight loss
- Immune system
- Inflammatory and pain
- Neuro-degenerative diseases
- Cognition decline
- Autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis)
- Joint health
- Motion Sickness
- Damaging nerves system
- Treatment of Dementia
- Alzheimer’s disease
- High cholesterol
- Healthier Arteries
Get ALA naturally:
Main natural sources of ALA ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID
- Red meat
- Organ meat (sch as liver, hearts, kidneys from beef or chicken)
- Brussel sprouts
- Brewer’s yeast
ALA ALPHA – LIPOIC ACID is Both water and fat soluble and found in many natural foods meats, and plants. It can be in a protein bound or in other forms.
This list is for lipoyllysinem, the protein-bound form.
|Food||Dry Weight (mg/g)||Protein (ng/g)|
|2. bovine (cow) kidney||2.64||50.57|
|3. bovine (cow) heart||1.51||41.42|
|6. green pea||0.39||17.13|
|7. brussel sprouts||0.39||18.39|
|8. bovine (cow) spleen||0.36||5.69|
|9. bovine (cow) brain||0.27||4.85|
|10. rice bran||0.16||4.44|
Side Effects of ALA:
- ALA, Alpha-lipoic acid is known as SAFE by mouth or when applied to the skin. the safe dosage is about the regular dose that can be found in natural sources like plants. 600 or 1200 mg daily.
- Negative effects could occur with long term high-dosage supplementation. High-dose ALA supplementation is therefore not recommended.
- People with diabetes should be careful to check their blood sugar levels because alpha-lipoic acid might lower blood sugar.
- People taking alpha-lipoic acid by mouth might get some rash.
Interactions of ALA:
- Medications for cancer (Chemotherapy) interacts with ALPHA-LIPOIC ACID.
- Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with ALPHA-LIPOIC ACID
- Thyroid medications, Levothyroxine — Apha-lipoic acid may lower levels of thyroid hormone.
- Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) — Alpha lipoic acid can lower the level of vitamin B1 (Thiamine) in the body. This can be particularly dangerous in alcoholics.
Online sources for this article and good readings on ALA Alpha-lipoic acid:
List of references and papers:
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Beitner H. Randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind study on the clinical efficacy of a cream containing 5% alpha-lipoic acid related to photoaging of facial skin. Br J Dermatol. 2003;149:841-9.
Berkson BM. A conservative triple antioxidant approach to the treatment of hepatitis C. Combination of alpha lipoic acid (thioctic acid), silymarin, and selenium: three case histories. Med Klin. 1999;94 Suppl 3:84-89.
Clark WM, Rinker LG, Lessov NS, Lowery SL, Cipolla MJ. Efficacy of antioxidant therapies in transient focal ischemia in mice. Stroke. 2001;32(4):1000-1004.
Faust A, Burkart V, Ulrich H, et al. Effect of lipoic acid on cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes and insulitis in non-obese diabetic mice. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1994;16:61-66.
Head KA. Natural therapies for ocular disorders, part two: cataracts and glaucoma. Altern Med Rev. 2001;6(2):141-166.
Hruby K, Csomos G, Fuhrmann M, Thaler H. Chemotherapy of Amanita phalloides poisoning with intravenous silibinin. Hum Exp Toxicol. 1983;2(2):183-195.
Ibrahimpasic K. Alpha lipoic acid and glycaemic control in diabetic neuropathies at type 2 diabetes treatment. Med Arh. 2013; 67(1):7-9.
Lynch MA. Lipoic acid confers protection against oxidative injury in non-neuronal and neuronal tissue. Nutr Neurosci. 2001;4(6):419-438.
Melhem MF, Craven PA, Derubertis FR. Effects of dietary supplementation of alpha-lipoic acid on early glomerular injury in diabetes mellitus. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2001;12:124-133.
Melhem MF, Craven PA, Liachenko J, et al. Alpha-lipoic acid attenuates hyperglycemia and prevents glomerular mesangial matrix expansion in diabetes. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2002;13:108-116.
Melmed: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier; 2011.
Mitkov MD, Aleksandrova IY, Orbetzova MM. Effect of transdermal testosterone or alpha-lipoic acid on erectile dysfunction and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2013; 55(1):55-63.
Monograph:Alpha-Lipoic Acid. Altern Med Rev. 1998;3(4):308-311.
Nagamatsu M, Nickander KK, Schmelzer JD,et al. Lipoic acid improves nerve blood flow, reduces oxidative stress, and improves distal nerve conduction in experimental diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Care. 1995;18:1160-1167.
Packer L, Kraemer K, Rimbach G. Molecular aspects of lipoic acid in the prevention of diabetes complications. Nutrition. 2001;17(10):888-895.
Packer L, Tritschler HJ, Wessel K. Neuroprotection by the metabolic antioxidant alpha-linoic acis. Free Radic Biol Med. 1997;22:359-378.
Packer L, Witt EH, Tritschler HJ. Alpha-lipoic acid as a biological antioxidant. Free Rad Bio Med. 1995;19(2):227-250.
Panigrahi M, Sadguna Y, Shivakumar BR, Kolluri SV, Roy S, Packer L, Ravindranath V. Alpha-Lipoic acid protects against reperfusion injury following cerebral ischemia in rats. Brain Res. 1996;717(1-2):184-188.
Rakel D. Rakel Integrative Medicine, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier; 2012.
Segermann J, Hotze A, Ulrich H, et al. Effect of alpha-lipoic acid on the peripheral conversion of thyroxine to triiodothyronine and on serum lipid-, protein- and glucose levels. Arzneimittelforschung. 1991;41:1294-1298.
Xu J, Gao H, Song L, et al. Flaxseed oil and alpha-lipoic acid combination ameliorates hepatic oxidative stress and lipid accumulation in comparison to lard. Lipids Health Dis. 2013; 12:58.
Yoo TH, Lee JH, Chun HS, Chi SG. a-Lipoic acid prevents p53 degradation in colon cancer cells by blocking NF-kB induction of RPS6KA4. Anticancer Drugs. 2013; 24(6):555-65.
Ziegler D, Ametov A, Barinov A, et al. Oral treatment with alpha-lipoic acid improves symptomatic diabetic polyneuropathy: The SYDNEY 2 trial. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:2365-70.
Ziegler D, Gries FA. Alpha-lipoic acid in the treatment of diabetic peripheral and cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Diabetes. 1997;46 (suppl 2):S62-66.
Ziegler D, Reljanovic M, Mehnert H, Gries FA. Alpha-lipoic acid in the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy in Germany: current evidence from clinical trials. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 1999; 107:421-430.