Sugar and Aging

Research in progress

Sugar and Aging

Is Sugar Making You Age Faster?

We love sugar, dont we? well there is a reason for that. Sugar tastes sweet right? That also has a reason.

We cant get enough sugar and we love it because energy and good fuel matters to hour body and system of perception. Sugar brings you the best fast burning fuel. so We all love it. But aside from the fast burning benefit that does not perfectly fit to our new modern life style, what downsides does it have for our body? We used to get a sugary thing eat it an ruu…uun. In our old lifestyle it helped you run and dont run out of energy and there is no doubt about that.

Does this fast burning fuel also lead your body to a fast track aging?

Research shows that excess intake of processed sugar in your diet can cause wrinkles. Dark circles, dehydration of the skin and can increase the rate of ageing. Sugar can be found naturally in about everything you eat, such like in fruit and vegetables. Foods such as cakes, biscuits and soda have very high amounts of processed sugar. Sugar comes in different forms and each of them is processed differently by our bodies. Fructose, for example, will make you pack on pounds faster when ingested when compared to glucose.

Sugar and Aging – Healthy Facts

A summery of what sugar does That leads to fast aging:

  • Insulin rise, Resistance to insulin, Leading to diabetes
  • Helping Inflammation in the body, can lead to serious health issues
  • Weight gain and obesity
  • Cancer, Sugar Is THE food for cancer cells
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • A decrease in HDL cholesterol, as well as an increase in LDL cholesterol
  • Reduced absorption and processing of proteins and lipids
  • Sugar Decreases metabolism
  • Sugar Decreases production of Human Growth Hormone

Lets go into details:

Sugar and Aging

Some of the issues your body faces when you ingest sugar :

Sugar Decreases metabolism

As you get older, your metabolism will slow down significantly. Processed sugar fast tracks this process. When fructose is ingested, your metabolism changes from fat burning to using up sugar which is more readily available. Once your body gets used to this, it will crave more sugar to instantly break it down for energy. Therefore your body does not derive energy from the healthier foods you eat. slower metabolism makes you do less physical activities and burn less and so on leads to obesity. All of these cycles makes you age faster.

Sugar binds to proteins when it enters your blood stream

The proteins Elastin and collagen are responsible for skin elasticity, tautness and pigmentation. Intake of sugar causes glycation which results in wrinkles, sagging and dark circles under the eyes. Sugar is Collagen’s Natural Enemy.  process known as glycation, in which excess sugar molecules attach themselves to collagen fibers and ultimately cause them to lose their strength and flexibility (we call these bondings AGEs, or advanced glycosylation end products). The result? Skin becomes less elastic and more vulnerable to sun damage, fine lines and sagging. Sugar and other high-glycemic carbohydrates such as breads, starches, potatoes, baked goods, pastas, desserts and soda, are rapidly converted to glucose in your bloodstream.

The Glycation Fighter: Alpha Lipoic AcidThanks to alpha lipoic acid (ALA), we’re not completely powerless in the fight against glycation. Its powerful anti-glycating effects and anti-inflammatory properties make it highly recommended as both a nutritional supplement and a topical treatment.

Skin is one place you can see traces of aging occurred by sugar:

-The surface of your skin looks hard and shiny.
-Deep, crosshatch lines appear along your upper lip.
-Discoloration and hyperpigmentation mark the skin.
-Deep crevices appear, especially around the laugh line area.
-Skin around the jowl area is sagging.

Sugar Decreases production of Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

HGH is very common in celebrities who inject into their skin to look younger. It helps regulate the composition of bone and muscle growth, fat metabolism and heart function. Low levels of HGH will not only make you look older but also feel older. insulin and growth hormone play antagonist roles against one another. When one is elevated, the other will be low.

What is HG or HGH? Growth Hormone (GH) is a hormone iin human body responsible for cellular growth. HGH is synthesized, stored and secreted by the anterior portion of the pituitary gland. Issues like low blood sugar, sleep, and exercise stimulate the hypothalamus to produce and release hormones that increase growth hormone synthesis and release in the pituitary gland. On the other hand, elevated blood levels of cortisol, glucose and even growth hormone itself decrease production and secretion.

Sugar helps Overproduction of insulin

Every time you eat sugar, your pancreas produces insulin to counteract it. When the pancreas is overworked, insulin resistance occurs and this is can lead to diabetes. and as we said earlier, insulin and growth hormone play antagonist roles against one another. When one is elevated, the other will be low. High Sugar not only lead your body in the path of diabetes it also makes it easy to ban HGH in your body.

What is Insulin? Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Insulin helps keeps your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).

Sugar promotes Inflammation

High Glycemic Index foods cause inflammation which can lead to loss of skin elasticity, broken capillaries and the breakdown of cells. All these fast-track the ageing process.

“Sugar can play a role in inflammatory diseases,” says Dave Grotto, RD, a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association. “Poor regulation of glucose and insulin is a breeding ground for inflammation.”

Under normal conditions, inflammation helps the body rebound from injury. For instance, if you cut yourself shaving, white blood cells race to the scene to mop up the wound, destroy bacteria and mend tissue. But when the injury is deep inside the body, such as inside the blood vessels of the heart, hidden inflammation can trigger chronic disease, and experts are only beginning to understand how sugar fans the flames.

Experts stress that there’s no point avoiding the carbs that come from eating a balanced, healthy, whole-foods diet. But there is plenty of good reason to avoid the refined carbs that quickly turn to sugar in the body. Such sugars deliver more excess (and mostly empty) calories, which the body then con verts to triglycerides, a key indicator of heart disease. Sugar-rich diets stress the heart in other ways, too. When blood sugar is high, the body generates more free radicals and more inflammation.

Inflammatory Vegetable oils (excluding olive, coconut, cocoa)Margarine

Dairy

Cereals

Meat (especially red meat)

Refined carbohydrates (white flour, white rice, corn and rice cereals)Sugary foods (including sweets, cookies, etc)

Peanuts

Anti-inflammatory Fish (especially oily fish like sardines, mackerel and salmon)Walnuts

Flaxseed

Green leafy vegetables

Spices and herbs

High fibre foodsWhole food carbohydrates (vegetables, nuts)

Brightly coloured fruit and vegetables

Berries

Sugar Decreases immunity system effectiveness

Sugar weakens your immune system by competing for space in your immune cells with vitamin C since they are similar in their chemical structure. The more sugar in your system, the less vitamin C absorbed into your white blood cells. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps you fight off infections.

Lets say  your body is invaded by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or other pathogens, your body responds by producing phagocyte. These phagocytes absorb and destroy everything that could cause harm, or at least neutralize them long enough for your body to flush them from your system. Vitamin C is one of the nutrients that your immune system needs in order to function properly, which is why so many people tell you to drink orange juice when you have a cold. Your body is searching for Vitamin C, but unfortunately it doesn’t always find it. Sugar is broken down into glucose, and this glucose is oddly similar in its chemical structure to Vitamin C. This means that when your body tries to use the Vitamin C, it often grabs the glucose instead of the vitamin. Instead of being able to kill off the bacteria or virus, your body’s immune system’s ability to fight is DECREASED. It is LESS able to fight the infections, thus the infections spread.

It’s estimated that a blood sugar level of 120 reduces your immune system by up to 75%!

Sugar Increases chance of obesity

FAT come from Sugar. YES, If you dont use the fast burning fuel it turns into fat. Obesity itself contributors to fast aging. Despite what most people think, ingesting fat is not the root cause of weight gain. Increased intake of processed sugar that comes in the form of sodas, pastries and the like is. Fructose is largely converted into fat when ingested and since your body is constantly asking you for more fructose, this fat will not get burned up but instead, will be stored. Studies go deep to show that reducing sugar intake, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages, is one of the best ways to improve one’s diet, Harvard’s Willett says. “Sugar is an important source of excess calories in the American diet—a serious problem given the obesity epidemic.”

In a study, Researchers at Children’s Hospital Boston enrolled 103 sugar-guzzling teenagers, divided them into two groups (an intervention and a control), and measured the effects of the drinks on their weight. For almost six months the intervention group got weekly home deliveries of their choice of noncaloric drinks, including bottled water, iced tea and diet sodas. The scientists called the teens monthly to check in and cheer them along. The control group went about their normal drinking habits. In the end, the teens in the intervention group cut their intake of sugary drinks by 82 percent and lost weight.

Sugar is THE food for cancer cells, is it?

Sugar has been termed the ‘white death’. All cancer cells exhibit an anaerobic respiratory mechanism, meaning that sugar is the perfect fuel for cancer. While It’s true that sugar feeds every cell in our body — even cancer cells. research shows that eating sugar doesn’t necessarily lead to cancer by itself as the the trigger but feeds the cancer cells.  Sugar is cancer’s favorite food!

Some believe much research shows that it is sugar’s relationship to higher insulin levels and related growth factors that may influence cancer cell growth the most, and increase risk of other chronic diseases. Many types of cancer cells have plenty of insulin receptors, making them respond more than normal cells to insulin’s ability to promote growth.

It is clear that in both aspects sugar is effective in promoting cancer. it is not siply the reson or the trigger of cancer by itself but it helps cancer to grown in two main ways:

1- Sugar is the main food for cancer cells, so if there is some cancer cells somewhere in your body and you have high sugar diet, there is a small chance that it does not go to the higher level serious cancer situation. You are feeding them with what they need the most.

2- Excess Sugar changes your metabolism and makes your body a better host to cancer cells, as we went through it changes many metabolism factors like insulin and leptin levels, imflemation levels, immune system weakness and so on that all help cancer grow.

Low Sugar diet is a Key Cancer prevention Tool

cancer aging sugar

BUT there are some other important points about sugar and aging:

In one case, glucose exacerbates inflammation. In the other, it is critical to survival.

When you stop eating, the body starts using fat reserves for calories. Keep fasting, and you start to convert some of that fat into ketones. That switch from burning glucose to burning fat and generating ketones (ketogenesis) is commonly referred to as moving to a “fasting metabolism.”

This switch seems to be important—necessary, even—in the body’s response to bacterial sepsis. Ketogenesis limits the body’s formation of substances known as reactive oxygen species, which can damage cells. When you introduce glucose (as in, if you eat sugar, or any carbohydrate that breaks down into sugar), that switch to a fasting metabolism is undone. The sugar triggers the release of the hormone insulin, which tells the body that we don’t need to use our fat reserves, bringing ketogenesis to a grinding halt.

Some think the reason the clinical results of fasting during sepsis have been mixed is that patients weren’t separated based on whether their inflammation was the result of a bacterium or virus: “Hopefully if we divide patients based on the cause of sepsis,” he said, “that could provide a way to manage this terrible condition.”

That may be the body’s way of telling us that we need some glucose. I suspect we have these mechanisms that tell us what we prefer to eat (or not to eat) when we’re sick. Those are the mechanisms we should probably listen to.”

Sugar dosage

We Consume Sugar In huge Amounts

About 100 years ago people only consumed 10 grams of sugar per year. Now on average people are consuming their body weight in sugar every single year.

The World Health Organisation recommends a maximum of 6 teaspoons of added sugar per day, that’s around 25g or 100 calories. Now loads of people drink sodas like Coca Cola, you might be one of them yourself. Well in one 250ml can of Coca Cola there is 26.5g of sugar and 105 calories.

Conclusions on Sugar and aging, how you can fight aging caused by sugar

  • Exercise, please do!
  • Processed sugar should be avoided in order to live a healthy lifestyle. consider replacing your sugar intake with extracts from the stevia plant.
  • This is the sort of misguided thinking that leads people to go on cleanses, to deprive themselves of food unnecessarily, and to risk making things even worse. The story is much bigger than avoiding sugar. In other diseases, glucose seems to be beneficial. Critical even.
  • This emphasizes the critical point that carbohydrates, like the other macronutrients, are not simply good or bad. so eat wisely.
  • Avoid excess use of these Sugars:
    White and brown sugar
    Honey (raw and processed)
    Molasses
    Cane sugar
    Cane sugar
    Many artificial sugars
    Fruit Drinks
    Natural fruit juices (sans fiber)
    lactose (natural sugar from milk)
    sucrose (made from fructose and glucose)
    maltose (sugar made from grain)
    glucose (simple sugar, product of photosynthesis)
    dextrose (form of glucose)
  • Try to change your metabolism to fat burning
  • Use sugar only when you have very high and long physical activity
  • Try High protein diets
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Online useful links:

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/09/glucose-inflammation/498965/

Sugar break down

http://www.naturalnews.com/030676_sugar_colds.html

http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/26/11/1180.abstract

http://healthfree.com/nutrition-sugar-immune-system-foods.html

https://www.oncologynutrition.org/erfc/healthy-nutrition-now/sugar-and-cancer/

Articels and academic References on sugar and aging relations

Aeberli, I, Gerber, PA, Hochuli, M, Kohler, S, Haile, SR, Gouni-Berthold, I, Berthold, HK, Spinas, GA, & Berneis, K 2011, ‘Low to moderate sugar-sweetened beverage consumption impairs glucose and lipid metabolism and promotes inflammation in healthy young men: a randomized controlled trial’, The American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 479-485.

Bosma-den Boer, MM, van Wetten, M, & Pruimboom, L 2012, ‘Chronic inflammatory diseases are stimulated by current lifestyle: how diet, stress levels and medication prevent our body from recovering’, Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 32

Esposito, K, & Giugliano, D 2006, ‘Diet and inflammation: a link to metabolic and cardiovascular diseases’, European Heart Journal, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 15-20.

Giovannucci E, Harlan DM, Archer MC, Bergenstal RM, Gapstur SM, Habel LA, Pollak M, Regensteiner JG, Yee D. Diabetes and cancer: a consensus report. CA Cancer J Clin. 2010;60:207-21.

Wilcox, Gisela. Insulin and Insulin Resistance. Clin Biochem Rev. 2005;26(2);19-39.

Vigneri P, Frasca F, Sciacca L, Pandini G, Vigneri R. Diabetes and cancer. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2009;16:1103-23.

Klement RJ, Kämmerer U. Is there a role for carbohydrate restriction in the treatment and prevention of cancer? Nutr Metab (Lond). 2011;8:75.

Papa V, Pezzino V, Costantino A, Belfiore A, Giuffrida D, Frittitta L, Vannelli GB, Brand R, Goldfine ID, Vigneri R. Elevated insulin receptor content in human breast cancer. J Clin Invest. 1990;86:1503-10.

Landman GW, Kleefstra N, van Hateren KJ, Groenier KH, Gans RO, Bilo HJ. Metformin associated with lower cancer mortality in type 2 diabetes: ZODIAC-16. Diabetes Care. 2010;33:322-6.

Gallagher EJ, LeRoith D. Insulin, insulin resistance, obesity and cancer. Curr Diab Rep. 2010;10:93-100.

Liu H, AP Heaney. Refined fructose and cancer. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2011;15:1049-1059.

George SM, Mayne ST, Leitzmann MF, Park Y, Schatzkin A, Flood A, Hollenbeck A, Subar AF. Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of cancer: a prospective cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009;169:462-72.

Barclay AW, Petocz P, McMillan-Price J, Flood VM, Prvan T, Mitchell P, Brand-Miller JC. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and chronic disease risk–a meta-analysis of observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87:627-37.Gnagnarella P, Gandini S, La Vecchia C, Maisonneuve P. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87:1793-801.

Hu J, La Vecchia C, Augustin LS, Negri E, de Groh M, Morrison H, Mery L; Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group. Glycemic index, glycemic load and cancer risk. Ann Oncol. 2013;24:245-51.

Juntunen KS, Laaksonen DE, Autio K, Niskanen LK, Holst JJ, Savolainen KE, Liukkonen KH, Poutanen KS, Mykkänen HM. Structural differences between rye and wheat breads but not total fiber content may explain the lower postprandial insulin response to rye bread. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003;78:957-64.

Webster Marketon JI, Glaser R. Stress hormones and immune function. Cell Immunol. 2008;252:16-26.

T Morris, M Moore, F Morris. Stress and chronic illness: the case of diabetes. J Adult Dev.2011;18:70-80.